A cyclone collector is a type of air pollution control device that uses centrifugal force to separate particulate matter from a gas stream. It is commonly used in industrial applications to capture dust and other solid particles from exhaust gases before they are released into the atmosphere.
The basic design of a cyclone collector consists of a cylindrical or conical vessel with a tangential inlet near the top and an outlet at the bottom. As the gas stream enters the vessel, it is forced to spin around the walls of the vessel by a high-velocity tangential airstream. This causes the solid particles in the gas stream to be thrown outward by centrifugal force and stick to the walls of the vessel, while the cleaned gas exits through the top of the vessel.
The separated particles eventually build up on the walls of the vessel and form a dust cake, which can be periodically removed by mechanical or pneumatic means. Cyclone collectors can achieve high efficiencies in removing larger particles, but may not be as effective in capturing smaller particles or gases.
Cyclone collectors are widely used in industries such as cement, mining, and woodworking to control dust emissions. They are also commonly used as a pre-filtering device before other more advanced air pollution control technologies, such as baghouses or electrostatic precipitators.